Eight steps of selling: how to reach and sell your potential customers at each step.
As salespeople, many of us have been conditioned to see things through our own eyes--and our sales behaviors are based on these perceptions. Seeing a buy/sell relationship only through our own eyes, however, should be a thing of the past.
Faced with increasing pressure to reduce costs and increase productivity, today's buyers are more sophisticated, more knowledgeable, less loyal and more cautious. Given these changes, buyers will no longer simply allow you to "sell."
Instead, successful salespeople will: provide information and recommendations; anticipate problems and offer solutions; look at the sales process as long-term and provide guidance along the way. In short, the successful salesperson gets into the customer's head and applies a customer-focused selling strategy.
Buy-Knowing vs. Buy-Learning
In customer-focused selling, a salesperson sees things from the buyer's perspective and matches the sales process to each customer. Instrumental in adopting this approach is understanding the two ways people buy: buy-knowing and buy-learning. Buy-knowing: when buyers believe they already know what they need to know and can make a relatively quick purchase decision. A repeat order is an example.
Buy-learning: this method is more complex because it involves acquiring knowledge and weighing alternatives to arrive at the optimum choice. It is certainly the buying process of the '90s. Advances in technology, continued change and a multitude of choices create more risk and uncertainty for buyers. Therefore, there's a greater need to learn about the available options.
Buy-learning, as I define it, unfolds in a series of eight predictable steps: change, discontent, research, comparison, fear, commitment, expectations and satisfaction. The effective salesperson understands how to shepherd buyers through each step of the buying process to encourage them to make the purchase.
To make the customer-focused selling process easier to use, I developed a memory aid for these eight roles of selling. In the buying process, each step a buyer takes is firmly based on the preceding step. The more effective you are providing the correct information at each juncture, the better your chances of winning the sale.
Eight Roles of Selling for the Eight Steps of Buying
1. Change: The Student. Take the role of a student; study how changes are affecting your prospects and find opportunities to add value. To make larger and more profitable sales, you must find bigger and more significant needs. The prospects' potential value to you will determine how much time you devote to learning about them.
2. Discontent: The Doctor. Ask questions that diagnose your customers' discontent and uncover their needs. Discontent occurs with prospects recognize that they are not where they would like to be. A problem or an opportunity can cause discontent, and you must look at both. As a doctor, you diagnose what ails your prospects, and identify the complications that are likely to affect them if they do nothing to resolve their discontent.
3. Research: The Architect. Here, your role is to design unique solutions that simplify your customers' research steps while setting the ground rules in your favor. Help them by translating their tangible concepts of what they need into more definite buying criteria.
To move from a general concept to a specific plan, you can use the same four steps an architect uses: 1. Understand the client's intangible concept of need. 2. Determine the must-have requirements necessary to achieve the concept. 3. Refine the concept by identifying "nice-two-haves." 4. Determine the relative importance of each nice-to-have to the client.
4. Comparison: The Coach. As your prospect compares your offering to that of the competition, your goal is to defeat your opponents without cutting price. A coach gains competitive advantage through analysis and insight, then executes a winning game plan.
Take steps that will help lead you to victory: 1. Analyze your strengths and weaknesses in comparison to those of your competitors. 2. Develop a game plan to positively position yourself against the competition. 3. Demonstrate your superiority on the playing field with a great sales proposal and presentation.
5. Fear: The Therapist. The therapist draws out fears and helps resolve them. The closer people get to making a major commitment, the more they focus on the future consequences. Be on the lookout for indications that the prospect is getting nervous. To detect fear, you must be sensitive and observant. Take time to review how things are going. Is anything out of the ordinary happening?
Once you have detected fear, you must determine its source. This is not always easy and may require a bit of risk on your part. Raise the issue that you think is causing fear and help your prospects by weighing options and discussing alternatives.
6. Commitment: The Negotiator. The goal here is to reach a mutual commitment to open a relationship, not to hammer-close the sale. Negotiation is a discussion designed to reach an agreement between parties who share some interests but are at odds on others.
Here are some key points to consider as you negotiate the commitment:
7. Expectations: The Teacher. Immediately after the customer buys, the salesperson helps the buyer get a clear understanding of his or her expectations and to know when and if value has been achieved. Salespeople can help on both fronts by adopting the role of a teacher.
First, in customer-focused selling, the objectives agreed-upon must be realistic and measurable. Once these goals are set, it is up to you to manage your customers' expectations and teach them how to attain their objectives. The key here is to make sure your customer knows how use your product or service properly. Test for value to make sure your offer provides what you said it would.
8. Satisfaction: The Farmer. The farmer cultivates satisfaction and grows the account. Today, companies striving to be the best have made customer satisfaction and retention their cornerstone business strategy. To survive and thrive, you must get closer to your customer, not just during the sales process, but after it as well. Your customers form a perception of satisfaction based on four factors: value achieved; product quality; service quality; and price.
The challenge to salespeople is that while customers may be satisfied with all or some of these points today, their opinions may change tomorrow. Cultivating a good relationship with customers will pay benefits again and again down the road.
As customers become increasingly sophisticated, successful salespeople will modify their sale strategy accordingly. Customer-focused selling means you must get into your customers' heads, finding out what they are thinking and why, and get your sales process in sync with customers’ buying process. That is customer-focused selling. Give it a try, and you’ll certainly win more sales and give your competition fits!
Kevin Davis is president of TopLine Leadership Inc., a company that provides sales and sales management training programs to corporations including BellSouth, IKON, Siebel Systems, as well as many smaller, aggressive growth companies. A former executive with Lanier Worldwide, Kevin’s ideas are the result of 25 years of sales, sales management and training experience. He is the author of the highly-acclaimed book and audiobook, Getting Into Your Customer’s Head. He can be reached at (888)545-SELL or visit his web site at www.toplineleadership.com to download your free report titled, “Overcoming the 10 Biggest Mistakes Sales Managers Make.”
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